According to research from Yale – Dyslexia is defined as the following. . . . . .
Developmental dyslexia is defined as an unexpected difficulty in reading in individuals who otherwise possess the intelligence and motivation considered necessary for fluent reading, and who also have had reasonable reading instruction. (See more about that research HERE)
Graphic from Yale studies on IQ and Dyslexia/ Dyslexia reading success
Dyslexia Reading Success – Understanding
The point of the study and the graphic is to show that children with dyslexia have trouble reading despite the fact that they have the IQ to do so. It is an unexpected situation that takes place even though their abilities are otherwise on par for their age. Basically, they are intelligent individuals who process information differently.
UPDATE – New Reading with Dyslexia Series for 2016
Some experts will say that dyslexia is an auditory processing problem (cannot hear the phonetic pattern), others will say it is a visual processing problem (letters & numbers flip around).
In my opinion and experience in watching my son struggle to read as well as time spent in college tutoring LD and SLD students and through extensive research on the subject – Dyslexia is an auditory problem, visual problem, and can also be a motor (eye/hand) problem. I am sure there are different brands for different folks, but for us . . . . all of the issues below are true.
- Difficulty learning the names of alphabet letters when in kindergarten.
- Little or no memory of words just read in a previous sentence.
- Little or no memory of words seen and used repeatedly.
- Sounds out the letters in a word but can’t put it into a whole.
- Spelling has no phonetic pattern to it (“baseball” = “bankball”).
- Sounds out all words, including sight words.
- Phonics rules are not applied while reading.
- In reading, reverses whole words often.
- Scrambles letters in a word.
- Regularly reads “b” as “d” and “n” as “u” and others.
- Very slow reading. Obvious struggle.
- Reads at least a year below grade level.
- Says that words move when he reads.
- Reads a word from the line above and adds to the present line.
- Reverses letters or numbers in writing.
- Letters not written below the line (“g” and “y” for example).
- Cannot remember what letters look like.
- Cannot write words from memory.
- Copying words is labor intensive, like replicating art work.
- Hates to write.
What does my Dyslexic child need to succeed?
Dyslexics are people who learn & respond well to a multi-sensory approach, strict phonics, and hands-on, project-based instruction with lots of art. They need to know first and foremost that their struggles with reading do NOT reflect their intelligence. I say this not because I think intelligence is everything, but because often those who have dyslexia have issues with self esteem.
It is important that they know why they have struggled to learn reading & writing and that they have talents which will help them overcome it and succeed.
- Talk to your child. Inform them of what is going on. Make sure that you dig in together to learn more about dyslexia, so that they know they are not alone and they have support. Knowledge is power – empower them to understand it themselves.
- Accommodations to ensure success and support an ability to read may include technology (like text to talk), audio-recordings of class sessions, audio-books, extra time on test taking, and even partial waivers on foreign language requirements high school and college.
- Encouragement is key! Finding ways to make learning fun, using a variety of methods, and even a reward system can help to encourage your struggling reader.
If you suspect dyslexia, the first step is to have your child tested – Resources:
- Gather resources – these will help to accommodate your child’s needs.
- Begin with tools you have on hand (such as mega blocks and markers or audio books and tablets with free apps)
- Encouragement begins as you work as a team to gather what you need.
- Make a list of subjects your child will enjoy reading about or toys you can use as props for reading.
- Talk with your child, point out their many talents and explain that together, you will use those talents to overcome this challenge.
- Be sure to point out that many people do not posses the talents that your child does. We all have unique gifts and all have challenges. (More about this later on in the series)
Hands on learning tools for dyslexia reading success
Students who engage BOTH the left and right sides of the brain find dyslexia reading success more attainable!
FREE Printables – Dyslexia Reading Success
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